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Github Workflow#

This guide assumes you have already cloned the upstream repo to your system via git clone.

Fork The Project#

  1. Go to
  2. On the top, right-hand side, click on "fork" and select your username for the fork destination.

Adding the Forked Remote#

export GITHUB_USER={ your github's username }

cd $WORKDIR/lens
git remote add $GITHUB_USER${GITHUB_USER}/lens.git

# Prevent push to Upstream
git remote set-url --push origin no_push

# Set your fork remote as a default push target
git push --set-upstream $GITHUB_USER master

Your remotes should look something like this:

➜ git remote -v
origin (fetch)
origin  no_push (push)
my_fork{ github_username }/lens.git (fetch)
my_fork{ github_username }/lens.git (push)

Create & Rebase Your Feature Branch#

Create a feature branch:

git branch -b my_feature_branch

Rebase your branch:

git fetch origin

git rebase origin/master
Current branch my_feature_branch is up to date.

Please don't use git pull instead of the above fetch / rebase. git pull does a merge, which leaves merge commits. These make the commit history messy and violate the principle that commits ought to be individually understandable and useful.

Commit & Push#

Commit and sign your changes:

git commit -m "my commit title" --signoff

You can go back and edit/build/test some more, then commit --amend in a few cycles.

When ready, push your changes to your fork's repository:

git push --set-upstream my_fork my_feature_branch

Open a Pull Request#

See Github Docs.

Get a code review#

Once your pull request has been opened it will be assigned to one or more reviewers, and will go through a series of smoke tests.

Commit changes made in response to review comments should be added to the same branch on your fork.

Very small PRs are easy to review. Very large PRs are very difficult to review.

Squashing Commits#

Commits on your branch should represent meaningful milestones or units of work. Small commits that contain typo fixes, rebases, review feedbacks, etc should be squashed.

To do that, it's best to perform an interactive rebase:


If you PR has 3 commits, count backwards from your last commit using HEAD~3:

git rebase -i HEAD~3
Output would be similar to this:
pick f7f3f6d Changed some code
pick 310154e fixed some typos
pick a5f4a0d made some review changes

# Rebase 710f0f8..a5f4a0d onto 710f0f8
# Commands:
# p, pick <commit> = use commit
# r, reword <commit> = use commit, but edit the commit message
# e, edit <commit> = use commit, but stop for amending
# s, squash <commit> = use commit, but meld into previous commit
# f, fixup <commit> = like "squash", but discard this commit's log message
# x, exec <command> = run command (the rest of the line) using shell
# b, break = stop here (continue rebase later with 'git rebase --continue')
# d, drop <commit> = remove commit
# l, label <label> = label current HEAD with a name
# t, reset <label> = reset HEAD to a label
# m, merge [-C <commit> | -c <commit>] <label> [# <oneline>]
# .       create a merge commit using the original merge commit's
# .       message (or the oneline, if no original merge commit was
# .       specified). Use -c <commit> to reword the commit message.
# These lines can be re-ordered; they are executed from top to bottom.
# However, if you remove everything, the rebase will be aborted.
# Note that empty commits are commented out
Use a command line text editor to change the word pick to fixup for the commits you want to squash, then save your changes and continue the rebase:

Per the output above, you can see that:

fixup <commit> = like "squash", but discard this commit's log message
Which means that when rebased, the commit message "fixed some typos" will be removed, and squashed with the parent commit.

Push Your Final Changes#

Once done, you can push the final commits to your branch:

git push --force
You can run multiple iteration of rebase/push -f, if needed.